gopher plant



Gopher plant, This mounding evergreen grows to about two toes tall with a three-foot spread and has attractive, narrow, pointed, blue-green, sharp leaves. It produces rounded clusters of papery chartreuse yellow flower bracts that show up at the top of every department in early spring.

The blooms flip a greenish-tan as they age. This late iciness to early spring bloomer provides a magnificent deal of accent to the panorama and is effortless to grow.

After blooming, the major stems die lower back and new boom seems from the middle of the plant. The gopher plant works properly in containers as a specimen or a low basis plant in mixture with different wasteland natives.

Also, use it in perennial gardens and low planters or as a border or historical past planting. It reseeds naturally in wasteland landscapes after the summertime monsoons. The gopher plant is a native of South Africa and the Mediterranean region.

Unlike its as an alternative stupid brown rodent namesake, gopher plant is superbly coloured, impressing with different grey-blue, lance-shaped leaves, chartreuse bracts, and brilliant yellow springtime flowers. Gopher plant (Euphorbia rigida) is native to the Mediterranean and the Middle East, the place it is regarded as a weed. Fortunately, E. rigida has discovered a greater welcoming domestic as a specimen ornamental in zones 7-10 right here in North America, the place many gardeners admire its fascinating and easy-care habit.

Eye-catching succulent is perfect for hot, dry areas. Milky sap repels gophers. Prune floppy stems to the ground. Plant in full sun, any nicely drained soil, deep rare water as soon as established.

This shrubby, upright, sprawly, succulent-like plant has as many aliases as it does forms: You may additionally comprehend it as upright myrtle spurge, silver spurge, gopher spurge, or even milkweed. Just for the proper measure, it has a secondary scientific name, too: Euphorbia biglandulosa.

As alluded to above, this shape-shifter can sprawl out, nearly groundcover-like, or it can be plenty greater shrubby, with silvery-grey, lance-shaped leaves that spiral around thick stems accomplishing up to two toes tall. Sometimes a single specimen can showcase each developing habits. It is bloodless tolerant to low temperatures between 10 and 20°F. In Austin, we every so often get a couple of wintry weather nights in the low 20s, and I’ve by no means misplaced one. Some gardeners in chillier climates, however, deal with E. rigida as a summertime annual.

Form: A clumping, succulent-like herb.
Lifespan: Perennial.
Leaf retention: Evergreen.
Growth rate: Moderate.
Mature Size: 1-2′ excessive and 2-3′ wide.
Flowers: Yellow to yellow-green, growing old to orange, in terminal clusters.
Bloom: Late iciness and spring.
Fruit: A seed pod which can fling seeds a ways from the plant.
Leaves: Blue-green, pointed, slender to oval.
Stems: No thorns.
Wildlife: The plants entice bees. Avoided by using mammals.
Toxic / Danger: All components are poisonous, especially the sap. Beware of pores and skin and extreme eye inflammation when in contact with the sap.
Origin: Mediterranean area and eastward.


It is an erect biennial (occasionally annual) plant developing up to 1.5 m tall, with a glaucous blue-green stem. The leaves are organized in decussate contrary pairs, and are lanceolate, 5–15 cm lengthy and 1-2.5 cm broad, glaucous blue-green with a waxy texture and light greenish-white midrib and veins. The plant life is inexperienced to yellow-green, four mm diameter, with no petals. The seeds are inexperienced ripening brown or grey, produced in globular clusters 13–17 mm diameter of three seeds compressed together.

Chemical characteristics

All components of the plant, inclusive of the seeds and roots are poisonous. Handling may additionally motive pores and skin inflammation as the plant produces latex. While toxic to people and most livestock, goats from time to time devour it and are immune to the toxin. However, the toxin can be handed thru the goat’s milk.


Away from its native range, it is broadly naturalised in many regions, the place it is frequently viewed as an invasive weed. It grows in partial colour to full solar in USDA zones 5–9.

Effects Of Gopher Plant

The mole plant is offered by using some nurseries as it is believed to repel moles.

It is used in people medication as a treatment for cancer, corns, and warts and has been used by using beggars to set off pores and skin boils.

Like its different Euphorbia cousins, E. rigida is poisonous if eaten, so hold curious pets and children away from this one. If the plant reduces or broken, it leaks a milky sap that can purpose pores and skin irritation.
Bees flock to the springtime vegetation of this evergreen beauty, which is in the household Euphorbiaceae.

Scientists have additionally begun lookup the use of quite a number of sorts of Euphorbia as a biofuel. I, for one, would love to be capable to thank fields and fields of this relatively plant and it’s household for imparting electrical energy to my home.

How do you care for a gopher plant? : Maintenance
The gopher plant is extraordinarily hardy to zero levels and is an average to the quick grower. It performs first-rate in full sun to partial shade. While drought-resistant, it prefers supplemental irrigation for the duration of the heat weather. The gopher plant grows in any soil as long as it is well-draining.

Do no longer over-water it, as it is prone to damping off and dying. After it flowers, the old, dry stems and blooms want to be closely pruned. When pruned or broken, the plant produces a white sap that can be poisonous if ingested.


Gopher plant is extraordinarily drought tolerant. You don’t have to provide yours with any supplemental water; we solely get rain as soon as or twice in the summer, and it does simply fine.

If you object to the sprawly, barely odd-looking shape that it can take after blooming, trim off the trailing stems. You’ll get a greater compact, upright plant.
Like all spurges, it’s exceptional to put on gloves when trimming this plant, to keep away from the traumatic sap that oozes out when it’s cut.

I’ve in no way fertilized mine, however, if yours is searching a little peaked, dilute a 10-10-10 fertilizer to one-quarter energy and follow as soon as a week in the course of the developing season.


gopher plant

Texturally and chromatically compelling, effortless care and repels rodents — what extra may want to you ask for? E. rigida is a beautiful plant that does specially properly in xeriscaped landscapes or different gardens the place an interesting specimen plant would be welcome.

Had you ever heard of E. rigida before? Does it sound like something you may like to add to your garden? Tell us about it in the feedback area below, and if you’re searching for any other xeriscape-ready plant, think about small globe thistle.


Are gopher flowers poisonous?
Toxic / Danger: All components are poisonous, particularly the sap. Beware of pores and skin and extreme eye inflammation when in contact with the sap. Origin: Mediterranean vicinity and eastward.

Why is my gopher plant dying?
Whenever I see department die again on flora like this it generally suggests it is too good to deal water closing in the soil between irrigations. That is observed carefully with root loss of life induced by means of one of the various plant diseases. This ability is both watered too regularly or the soil does no longer drain very nicely or both.

What kind of vegetation repel gophers?
Plants that repel gophers: Other vegetation can be used to repel gophers, such as gopher spurge (Euphorbia lathyris), crown imperials, lavender, rosemary, salvia, catmint, oleander and marigolds. Try planting a border around your flower beds or vegetable backyard with these.

How do you propagate gopher plants?
Stick the succulent plant reducing into a pot of cactus potting soil or equals components perlite, sand, and peat moss. Keep the soil moist (not wet). Roots must show up in about three weeks. The first-rate time for division is late spring.

Does Euphorbia die in winter?

Euphorbia is a very giant genus of flora with greater than 2,000 species. … Most Euphorbias bloom in spring or summer season and go dormant in winter. The non-succulent deciduous Euphorbia flowers encompass some of the most acquainted such as milkweed and the famous excursion plant, poinsettia

Is spurge toxic to dogs?
Euphorbias are a massive and numerous genus of flowering vegetation in the Spurge family. … Plants share a special attribute of poisonous, milky, white latex-like sap that poses the perfect hazard to your pet.

Please leave a comment if it’s helpful to your garden

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *