PERSIMMON TREES (DIOSPYROS KAK)
When I was a teenager, I was stubborn for the first time. I took a bite out of the round, orange fruit, expecting something similar to the tangy, herbal tomato flavor. Instead, I was greeted with a sweet-sweet apple flavor and texture.
I later learned that I had just received my first “Fuyu” persimmon, one of the most common types in the United States.
Since then, since the fruit started appearing in grocery stores and especially in the market, I have kept my eyes peeled in autumn and winter, as it has become my favorite season-appropriate behavior
It seems to me that they are gaining popularity nowadays, with some different types being found in more and more grocery stores. But they are still rare, and I think there are several reasons for that.
First, asymptomatic fruits do not travel well at all. They have to be practically difficult before you can eat them, and as you can imagine, they can’t be stored and transported, like any apple.
After all, if you’ve been sipping heavily on tannins, it’s not an experience that encourages further experimentation.
While store-bought persimmons are always delicious, there are some varieties that you just can’t find in the market. Some of the trees are best ripe and eaten early on top and they do not travel well or save well as profitable cash crops in the United States.
But the thing to see a seasoned persimmon is the ripe one.
They taste like anything else, some have a combination of spice with a touch of spice and honey pepper, and others are dipped in honey sprinkled with cinnamon-like a pear.
Although the fruits attract the most attention, these trees are so beautiful that you can grow them for their ornamental value. But keep in mind that like blackberries, you need to clean up a lot of fallen fruit in the winter if you prefer not to cut them at all. Fortunately, local wildlife will help you.
Trees are great for forming hedges, or they can be Spanish, if you want to add a plant to the garden that can double as a focus point and food provider.
And PS: These are relatively resistant to diseases and insects, at least in the case of fruit trees.
If you live in the USDA Strength Zone -10-10, there are dozens of farms that will be successful in your area. This guide will prepare you for all the ins and outs of Asian Persimmon Care.
Here is what we will cover:
WHAT YOU’LL LEARN
- What Is a Persimmon?
- Cultivation and History
- How to Grow
- Pruning and Maintenance
- Growing Tips
- Cultivars to Select
- Managing Pests and Disease
- Preserving and Storing
- Recipes and Cooking Ideas
- Quick Reference Growing Guide
WHAT IS A PERSIMMON?
Persimmon is part of the Ebenaceae family. Ebony is the type of wood that is often used to make black piano keys, while khaki wood is sometimes used to make golf clubs.
Diospyros, the botanical name for the genus Cacus, translates from Greek to something like “divine fruit”.
Two closely related species that produce the known orange fruit: Asian persimmon (sometimes known as Japanese or Oriental), de Kaki, which we will cover in detail here, and American or common persimmon, de Virginia.
American and Asian persimmons are associated with black sapot (D. designa), velvet apple or mablo (D. disclore), date plum (D. lotus), and Texas persimmon (D. texana). ), All members of the same clan producing edible fruits.
Asian persimmons, in contrast to their American cousins, are often self-pollinated and even parthenocarpic fruits are found from uninterrupted flowers. As a result the fruit will not have seeds, so it will not be able to reproduce.
The trees can grow up to 60 feet tall and 25 feet wide but few crops can grow up to 10 feet short or even like shrubs.
They can produce fruit for about 30 to 50 years under ideal conditions, starting from seed when planting is about seven years old.
The leaves are medium to dark green with smooth margins. These are spear-shaped, slightly lighter at the bottom. In autumn they turn yellow, orange or red, and they often fall off the tree before the fruit ripes.
Many varieties are grown on grafted rootstocks to strengthen disease resistance and strength. The most common rootstock comes from date plum or American persimmon.
The trees are usually male or female, but all that you can buy from the nursery is self-fertile. This means that they have both female and male flowers or the perfect flower (which is a combination of both male and female parts).
Some trees may change their sexual expression over the years.
Asian persimmons do not need to be pollinated for fruit production. If the flowers, however, are pollinated, they may have fruit seeds, grow larger when ripe, or otherwise have a different taste and texture.
No matter what is changed by pollination, the fruits will always taste good. These can be slightly sweeter or less sweet. The texture will still be great but it may be softer or a bit stiffer than what is normal.
The trees bloom in spring from March to June. They need about 100 hours of cooling to produce crops.
Crimson white or pale yellow flowers about 3/4 of an inch wide.
Depending on the farmer, the fruits, which are technically a berry, turn from almost orange to red when ripe and can be anywhere from inches to five inches in diameter. The shells can be extremely thin or quite thick depending on the type.
The fruits can be round, tomato-shaped, heart-shaped or egg-shaped. And this species has two types of fruit: Assyrian and non-Austrian.
The unripe fruit is rich in tannins and does not taste good until it is ripe. Some are not really hungry until something is over-suppressed and eating built-in fruit is not good for people.
On the other hand, non-insignificant varieties can be eaten in immature condition as the number of tannins is not high. In other words, they are sweet, though not fully ripe.
Cultivations can also be classified as pollinated variant or pollination constant. Mutable pollinated plants bear fruit that develops brown flesh after pollination and also contains seeds.
Frequent pollinated fruits are either pollinated or have the same colored flesh.
Continuous pollinated seedless fruits usually have a transparent flesh and skin-like color
If it has seeds, the flesh around them is usually dark in color, but this may vary depending on the variety. It is possible to get seed fruit with transparent flesh or seedless and opaque.
Basically, when it comes to meat, you see, not all persimmon cultivation is the same when you peel the skin.
Some have a gelatinous flesh, while others have pumpkin-like streaks. Some are crisp and some are soft on the inside. These can be completely opaque or almost transparent.
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As the term has become clearer here, the types of plants you may encounter are constant pollinating astringents (PCA), non-astringent pollinating constants (PCNA), alternating pollinated astringents (PVA) and pollinated. . -Non-astringent variant (PVNA).
Persimmons, the infamous producer of folds rs ripe if they are not ripe, however, they are delicious.
The botanical name of Desospiros, Persimmons is often translated as “food of the gods”. Although some say this translation from Greek is inappropriate, it gives you an idea of how much it has been praised throughout history.
“There are lots of persimmons, including Japanese and American varieties, including light meat, dark meat, firm and soft,” said fruit expert Ed Laivo.
CULTIVATION AND HISTORY OF PERSIMMON TREES
Asian persimmons originated in mainland China, where evidence of their cultivation dates back to 450 BC. They were then taken to Korea and Japan 1000 years ago, where they have been cultivated ever since. In Korea, the fruit is still the main theme of memorable ceremonies.
People in many parts of Asia use the traditional method of drying fruits to create a sweet taste. In Japan, it is called Hoshigaki. In Korea, this process is called Gotgam and in China it is known as Shandong.
Fruits and leaves have been used in conventional medicine to treat various ailments. The leaves contain high levels of flavonoids known for their antioxidant and antimicrobial properties.
Before the game was over, the Americans realized that U.S. Navy Officer MC Perry was first introduced to the “Hachiya” khaki of Japan in the mid-1800s and brought it to the United States.
Perry is often credited with “opening” trade with the country, although it is a great way to say that he led an expedition that forced the formerly isolated Japan to trade with Europe and the United States.
Although many Americans were already familiar with the common persona, de Virginia, which is indigenous to most parts of the South, the fruit could not be found in other parts of the country, became insignificant and easy to transport in a variety of ways.
In 1914, Professor Harold Hume, dean of the University of Florida College of Agriculture, began to study plants and continues to work on breeding new crops that are still grown and sold.
PROPAGATION OF PERSIMMON TREES
There are many ways to start your persimmon tree and what you choose depends on your budget and your level of patience.
Seeds are cheap, but it will be a few years before you harvest your first crop and starting to plant from seed can be a bit of a challenge. In addition, seeds collected from existing trees will not usually grow true to the parents.
Instead, you can always buy a living tree, but they are not cheap. Still, if you can’t wait to cook and taste fresh local fruit, this is a quick option.
Dormant empty root trees are usually more affordable than seedlings grown in the ground and this option falls somewhere in the middle. You will get fruit from the seed as soon as possible, but not as soon as possible if you plant a well-sized live tree to get started.
PROPAGATION OF PERSIMMON TREES FROM SEED
To grow persimmons from purchased seeds, you must first layer them as a cooling layer. Start this process five months before the last spring frost in your area.
This involves placing the seeds in a sealed paper towel and placing them in a glass container or plastic bag with a zipper. Refrigerate the seeds for three months and do not allow them to dry on paper towels.
In fact, you are trying to convince the seeds that they have passed the winter time and that spring is about to come.
Remove the seeds and plant two to three inches deep each in a three-inch pot filled with seed starter mixture. To make things easier when planting seedlings, try using peat pots so you can cut the bottom of the pot before placing it in the ground.
Moisten the soil with a spray bottle and keep moist until the seeds germinate. It takes about six to eight weeks. You can increase germination by placing the seeds in a heated mat to keep the temperature at about 70 ° F.
To stay safe, plant about three times as many seeds as needed, as persimmons have a lower germination rate.
Seeds do not need light to germinate, but once they do bloom, place them in pots in a sunny window where they receive at least six hours of direct sunlight each day, or use an extended light. Extra.
Trees with at least two true leaves grow about four inches tall and the risk of frost is gone, it is almost time to replace them in the outer soil. But before you put them on the ground, you need to harden them within two weeks.
This involves first planting the plants outside in direct sunlight for an hour and then bringing them back inside the house. The next day, put them out for two hours and three hours on the third day. Add one hour until the whole seven hours are out.
The next week, keep the plant in full sun for an hour and leave it in the shade all day, then bring it back indoors at night. Add one hour of sunlight per day until they sit in direct sunlight for seven hours.
At this point, you can put them in a permanent place.
PROPAGATION of PERSIMMON TREES FROM CUTTINGS
To propagate from a cut, take a pencil-thick and about 10 inches long from a spring branch. Remove all leaves from the bottom half of the cut. You should have at least two leaves in the upper half.
Cut the underside of the wing at a 45 degree angle and dip it into a cloning gel like powdered hormone or olivia, which is obtained from Arabico Organic.
Fill a six-inch pot with fresh burnt soil. Then use a pencil or chopstick to make a hole in the ground and put the tension in it, cut it in half.
You can keep the cuttings outside during the roots but be sure to keep an eye on the moisture level. Once the soil is dry, the cuttings may die.
Water the soil and keep it moist but the trees are not wet due to new roots being planted. Four weeks later, pull the twig to see if it prevents you from seeing it. If so, it is ready for replacement. You can also see the formation of new leaves which is another sign that it is ready.
If your new tree isn’t ready to be planted in a month, don’t despair. Something will take longer to get started. If you don’t see any progress after two months, drop them off and start with new cuttings next spring.
If you decide to keep the cuttings indoors when rooting, keep them in a place where they receive at least eight hours of direct sunlight a day.
If you can’t keep them in the ground in the spring before the warm weather hits, such as above 60 degrees Celsius for high temperatures, you can plant cut trees in the ground, about a month before the first frost date in your area. In the meantime you can extend them out into containers.
PROPAGATION of PERSIMMON TREESFROM SEEDLINGS AND TRANSPLANTING
It is best to buy seedlings or young trees in early spring. After the last frost they have to go to the ground but before they start their new growth
Dig a very deep hole for your replacement. Dig at least twice as deep as the container in which the plant is located. Then when the soil discharge is well drained, mix the soil with some decomposed compost and sand.
Then fill half the hole with soil and sprinkle with water to shorten the soil. If it vibrates after watering, add some more soil. Then lower the new plant into the hole and fill it with soil. It must rest on the same level of ground as its holder.
Finally give the plant a good glass of water.
If you are planting a grafted tree, cover it with a small cut made on the rootstock on which the tree was grafted. This is called the union of the scion and by covering it with soil it can cause the scion to develop roots, bypassing the rootstock. You don’t want it!
PROPAGATION of PERSIMMON TREES FROM BARE ROOTS
Empty-rooted trees can enter the soil in early spring, although they are still dormant and before new growth.
It is important to prune empty roots before planting. This means peeling off about half of the top with a pair of sharp prunes. You should also cut off the dead roots.
The purpose of top pruning is to prevent the roots from being stressed while trying to provide nutrients for more plants.
Most empty root trees grow at the top in purchasing or distribution rather than the ability to feed the roots. It also encourages shrub growth.
Keep in mind that these trees may have dark or even black roots, but this does not mean that they are dead. A better way to keep it is to gently bend the roots. Healthy people will replace slams.
Then plant it as you would a seedling or transplant, placing the soil around the roots so that you are careful about watering lightly to make sure you remove air pockets.
GRAFTING OF PERSIMMON TREES
If you are an experienced horticulturist with a budding garden, you already know everything about planting. Those who are new to the process may wonder what these mean.
Although this is an advanced technology that is beyond the scope of this article, I will give you a brief overview.
Basically, you merge two separate tree roots and a young branch to reproduce the branch of the mother tree that you have taken.
This branch cut is known as scion, and in the case of other plant species, buds or young shoots may be taken from the mother tree.
Why do you want to do that Because it allows you to combine the positive characteristics of two separate but related plants.
In this case, Asian scones are usually grafted along with American roots in order to give higher yields to the more resistant roots of DA virginia.
Healthy trees that show the best qualities of fruit, disease resistance and appearance are similarly selected for grafting You can probably save seeds from your most productive tomato plant or produce fruit with the best taste.
Persimmon propagation by grafting should be done at the end of winter, when the plants are dormant, before any new branches or leaf shoots emerge. You will need a healthy rootstock at least 1/3 inch in diameter and a scan of the same size or slightly smaller size.
Using a pair of sharp pruning scissors, cut a branch about five inches long with two to four leaf buds. Make sure you are cutting alive, healthy. If it is dry, try another branch.
A variety of cuts can be used to attach the scone to the root. You can use a stiff graph or a strap and tongue graft.
The whip and tongue transplant involves an N-shaped piece of root stem and an inverted N cut with the graft. Then you put them together and tie them with nursery tape.
A V-shape is made on the stem of the rootstock in a wedge graft and it should be attached the same to the scissors so that the upper part fits very nicely into the lower part. Again, you tie the graph point with nursery tape.
From there, you can cut your pen pot and leave the tree outside to grow. Keep the soil moist in dry winter or early spring. If you live in a dry area all year round, spray the replacement once a day.
Check the graft to make sure the band is OK, but the rod is not so big that the band starts to tighten.
You want to replace the tape every few weeks and check if the joint between the two trees is strong.
After the plant has formed new leaves and the union has formed a solid growth around it, plant the tree exactly as it will be planted.
TYPES OF PERSIMMON TREES
American persimmons are not usually self-pollinated, but there are a few named varieties. However, if you choose native seedlings, you will need a second tree to get a good crop. Also, Japanese and American persimmons will not be pollinated. Whether you are buying any Asian or American persimmons, consider them as nominal growers because they have better fruit yields. American fruits are very sweet when ripe and not good for shipping with thin skin – another reason to grow your own.
All American persimmons contain worrying fruits from tannins – like tea – so don’t eat the fruit until it’s fully ripe. The skin will be slightly wrinkled and the fruits will be soft. Maturity depends on where the plants are grown from September to October.
American persimmons are the largest of the species, so consider the size of your planting field before buying American varieties. The height of adults varies from 35 feet to 50 feet, depending on the conditions and size.
American persimmons make great shade trees and have a beautiful fall color. They are very cold tolerant and work well in zones 5-9.
American persimmons grow as large shade trees, Japanese persimmons are small and often grow as a specimen tree. Persimmons grown and produced throughout Asia are one of the oldest fruits produced for the market. D. persimmon, commonly known as Japanese or Asian persimmon, is not as hardy as the American variety and should be grown in 7 to 11 regions.
Fue Asian persimmons are not significant and the fruit stays good for several weeks after picking. Fuas and other Asian persimmons are self-pollinated. Ichi-ki-kei-Jiro persimmon is the strongest of the Asian varieties.
When it ripens for the first time like an apple or when it can be ripe into a jelly stage to eat with a spoon, non-attractive persimmons like fu can be eaten.
There is also Texana, Mexican or black persimmon, a small tree or large shrub born in the southern part of the North American continent. Its small black fruits ripen in August.
The berries are eaten when ripe, but are often eaten by animals. They are also the host plants of Gray Hearstrack and Henry’s Elfin Butterflies.
HOW TO GROWPERSIMMON TREES?
De Persimmon trees can survive temperatures below 10 degrees Fahrenheit but anything can kill them in the winter with a few exceptions. I’ll mention them in the selected varieties sections below, so keep reading!
Trees work best in areas that do not reach temperatures above 90 ° F for long periods of time and they cannot tolerate drought. Very little water and fruit will fall. If you live in a dry area, natural mulberry soils like straw, leaves or grass can help retain water.
Plants need about an inch of water every week, so if you get it in the rain, you’ll see your plants grow in the back.
Otherwise, provide irrigation at ground level. It is helpful to use a precipitator to determine how much water your plants are receiving so that you can climb to the top accordingly.
They like full sun but in warmer climates you can plant them in a shady place at noon.
Plant trees 10 to 20 feet away from other trees or structures, depending on the mature size expected by the selected farmer.
You’ve probably heard it before and I’ll say it again: check your soil before you plant.
Persimmons prefer soils with the right balance of nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus. Your soil test will tell you if your soil is deficient or has too much of these nutrients.
Although Asian persimmons can treat a wide variety of soil types, sandy or loamy and nutrient rich or not, they cannot tolerate bad waterlogging.
When planting grafted trees, it is important to consider the source of the rootstock. For example, trees with D-lotus roots are more tolerant of saturated soils than D-kaki or D-Virginia roots.
Ideally, the soil should have a pH of 6.5 to 7.5. Prepare the soil with compost or well-rotted sand to improve water holding or drainage depending on the existing texture.
The ultimate goal is to have a prosperous and healthy soil that looks like what you will get if you buy the all-purpose soil mixture for planting.
When the plants are young, you do not need to feed them. As you grow older, you may want to add fertilizer from time to time.
Do not over-feed your plants with a nitrogen-based fertilizer, as this may cause the plant to swarm in large quantities instead of fruit, or drop fruit.
Unless the soil test shows a serious deficiency, you should stick to the 10-10-10 (NPK) product that your plants should be banned or applied in early spring.
Spread about one pound per inch of diameter of the trunk in the ground under the canopy of the tree.
Lily Miller makes a good all-rounder option available through Amazon.
Growing Asian persimmons in containers is not recommended and they probably do not bear fruit this way, although if you want to grow it you may be able to keep a happy dwarf specimen in a large container in a warmer climate. As ornamental specimens.
PRUNING AND MAINTENANCE OF PERSIMMON TREES
When the tree is less than five years old, you can prune annually to develop a strong frame in support of heavy fruit.
When planting, note a “vase” configuration. This involves selecting three to five main branches on the outside of the tree and removing all other branches.
This should be followed every year, until the trees are about five years old, leaving the hard thin form established by the main branches to thin out half of the new growth.
Mature trees older than five years should be pruned in dormant condition in winter. Remove any diseased or broken branches, then cut off any branches or limbs that have thin crutches.
Keep in mind that the fruit grows on top of new wood, so you don’t want to prune once you see new green growth on the tree.
The exception is if you see evidence of disease or pests on your tree. In this case, regardless of the time of year you noticed it, leave the affected growth behind.
In addition to the annual pruning, you need to thin the fruits of the cultivator “Fuyu”. The fruits become too large for the branches and if there are too many in one branch they may break off.
When the fruit begins to develop, if you are making this kind of form, cut a quarter of the fruit from each branch.
Some trees may drop some of their fruit at the beginning of the year but this is not a sign that you are doing anything wrong. Most trees will naturally try to self-control their load.
PERSIMMON TREES GROWING TIPS
- Too refrain from fertilizing with too much nitrogen. Most plants need balanced fertilizer once a year or every few years depending on your soil.
- If your plants do not get naturally, provide about an inch of moisture per week.
- Mulch helps to retain soil moisture.
CULTIVARS TO SELECT OF PERSIMMON TREES
There’s plenty of persimmon cultivation out there and we’ve got a whole guide dedicated to helping you find the right one for your garden (coming soon!) Here we’ll cover a few more popular varieties.
De Kaki breeds of many American descent have Asian or pseudo-Asian inspirations. Inherited varieties often have Japanese or Chinese names.
If you live in an area that is on the cool side of the range recommended for extended Asian persimmons, search for “ Great Wall ”, `ep piping ” and` `sheng ”. And these can have temperatures below 0 degrees Fahrenheit
“Chocolate” is a form of pollination (PVA). It has reddish orange skin and gelatinous flesh stretched with brown, hence its name.
The fruit is ready for harvest from late October to early November but make sure the fruit is fully ripe before digging.
Through Amazon you’ll see two-year-old “chocolate” trees at Bob Wells Nursery.
“Fuyu” means winter for the Japanese and is one of the most famous varieties. A tomato resembling a non-asymptomatic constant pollination fruit (PCNA).
Like the “Jiro” persimmon, there are a variety of “Fuyu” persimmons, including “Hannah”, “Giant” and “Matsumoto Wage”, which were the bud game of the original “Fuyu”.
“Fuyu” ripens towards the end of the season and is ready for harvest in mid-November to early December.
Trees in three gallon pots are available from Bright Bloom through Home Depot if you want to add this type to your garden.
“Hachiya” produces fruits in the form of large-skinned with red skin and gelatinous flesh.
They are ready to harvest from mid-November to mid-December.
It is an astringent type (PCA) variant of pollination, and is popular for drying.
“Jiro” can be more accurately referred to as a species that exhibits the classical “Jiro” tree bud game (a natural evolution). Look for “Mikawa Jiro” or “Ichikikei Jiro”, both significant for medium to large fruit.
This plant produces medium sized firm and juicy berries. The fruit pollinates the constant and is not significant (PCNA).
This mid-season variety is ready to take from mid-October to mid-November
MANAGING PESTS AND DISEASE
Good news! Persimmons often do not suffer from disease or insect infestation. So why did I provide such a long list below?
Okay, because there are plenty of things out there that can attack Asian persimmons, although they don’t usually attack very much or intensely.
You’re more likely to risk fighting against a lot of critics who want to eat your fruit, so let’s get started!
Persimmons are delicious, so it’s no surprise that many animals love them just as much as we do.
When I say deer love practice, I mean it. They love them so much that some deer sold to hunters are made from interesting fruits.
If you are not careful, you are sharing your harvest with hungry people. The good news is that they can’t reach high yields and they mainly eat fruit that falls on the floor.
They only look for ripe fruit, so harvesting on time helps to limit their losses.
That said, they turn leaves and foliage all year round.
Don’t know how to deal with deer? We have a guide for this.
The rats will eat the fruit that falls to the ground, but unlike the deer, they will climb trees to become sweet.
There are many ways to fight hay in traps (human or otherwise) and toxin generators and motion active sprays from poisons.
Note that the use of poisons is illegal in many places because it can affect local wildlife and human nets are not always a good solution because wildlife movement is prohibited in many places. Check local laws and policies before planning rat control in your garden or orchard.
It is best to stick to a resistance and pick fruits that fall from the ground so that they do not attract them.
Arabica Organics contains Bonide Rat Magic, which combines several essential oils that irritate all types of rats. Just scatter trim around your trees.
Squirrels also have a sweet tooth and they like persimmons. What makes tiny rats particularly annoying is that they prey on the fruit for about a week before ripening, preventing you from fully ripening on the tree.
If you wait too long to harvest, you can go out to pick ripe fruit and see it with a slightly lower mark … or completely missing.
Buffaloes or squirrel collars can prevent them from climbing your tree, but you must make sure that they do not easily surround it by jumping from nearby trees or structures.
Bobbex-R is a reliable alternative that you can spray around and around trees to prevent squirrels.
You can buy these from Arabico Organics. The product I mentioned above for rats can also resist squirrels.
Yes, there are a lot of insects that can put pressure on your plants. But if your tree is probably not under stress you probably won’t face many of them. That is why it is important to keep your tree healthy and happy.
Although insect problems are less common than diseases, which are not common, it is essential to keep them away because they can spread a variety of plants that can kill your plants.
Metallic wooden borers (Buprestedi sp.), Also known as Jewel beetles under tree bark. They are actually quite handsome with metallic bronze, black, blue and green shells (if they can forget about their damage).
Look for droplets and gum sources on the trunk and under the skin. Tunnels can surround a stem, especially a plant, or they can surround branches.
The presence of this pest goes hand in hand with the cancer problem. They lay eggs with fungal spots that cause cancers.
The only effective treatment is to cut the affected area with a sharp knife and remove the insects.
If your tree looks unhealthy or stressed or it is still young, remove insects as much as possible.
Otherwise, proper care is essential. A healthy tree can often withstand the attack, as the insects move away after insect hunting in the spring.
For adults you can use purple or green sticky stamps around the tree, so you know you need to keep an eye on the tree.
If you decide to go this route, you can buy something from Amazon.
The gilli melybug (Ferrisiagili) is one of the most influential insects of the Asian persimmon in the western United States, where most commercially grown fruits grow.
Comstock scale insects (Pseudococcuscostosi) are more common in East America than in West America, but they are found in both places as well as in some parts of Asia and in natural habitats in Asia. From the east
Long-tailed myelbugs (Pseudococcallongispinus) are another species commonly found in the United States.
Melibugs can be gray, pinkish gray or reddish brown. The long fibers of the long-tailed varieties extend from their anterior location and all varieties can be covered with a white waxy coating.
They suck the sap out of your tree as well as expel the hive, which attracts the ants (which later helps protect the mealybugs and the cycle continues). The hive also attracts soft molds.
In large groups, they can reduce growth and reduce fruit yield, but infestation rarely reaches this stage.
Lacewings, limestone wastes and ladybags are natural predators of scale insects, so attracting these beneficial insects to your garden can help prevent any insects.
Your gear should be washed in use to remove any pests that may have been HIV-infected.
You can spray the plants with a stiff jet of soapy water as soon as you identify these insects. On young trees, you can wipe the colonies with alcohol to kill them. Use a cotton swab or rubbing alcohol swabs.
Persimmon cycloids (Triozadiopyri) are a common spring insect. They usually attack persimmons as the temperature warms up and the leaves come out. Insects suck sap from the shower and the leaf is crushed or rolled up
Insects Aphids are about 0.15 inches in size. They range in color from brown to tan, depending on their age and have a small set of pale wings.
Avoid pruning when these insects are active. Pruning encourages new growth, and prefers these insects.
When the leaves are sprouting and the trees are blooming, you can spray them with horticultural oils like Monterey from Arctic Organics to control them.
Soft mealybugs (Parthenolecanium spp.) Are an attractive insect because they look like a disease but in reality they are an insect. Small insects are tan, brown or gray and may have a fuzzy coating on their soft shells. They have clusters of branches, stems and fruits.
As they eat they weaken the plant, which slows growth. Examine the plants for bunches of these insects, which look like small boils and boils on stalks and twigs. You will also see tree ants because the insects are attracted to the beehives that are left after their crushing.
Treat your plants with neem oil spray once a week when there are pests. Bonid is a good concentrated alternative, which you can buy from Arabico Organics.
Then, you’ll want to get rid of any ants that protect and support mealybugs.
Most fruit trees are infected with various diseases and these are no exception. However, there are many diseases that can attack, but healthy trees are rarely bothered.
As I said, Asian persimmons are often graphed in stocks of American origin and this is partly because de Parzman trees are more susceptible to root rot infection than de Virginia and de plants. Lotus
It is important to keep your plants healthy before diving. Watering the ground and making sure your soil is well drained before planting will go a long way in preventing many diseases.
You should prune them as soon as you notice dead or diseased branches.
Also, clean the fallen fruit as soon as possible without letting it rot in the ground.
ARMILLARIA ROOT ROT
Armilaria root rot is caused by the fungus Armilariaamelia. It starts from the roots of the tree and gradually spreads from the base to the trunk, resulting in a black, lace-like strand of fungus on the outside of the stem.
Inside the house, wood and roots decay – and a stressed tree dies quickly.
Fungi live in soil wood debris and can spread from tree to tree through their root system.
Unfortunately, there is no such thing as an effective treatment, so it is important to keep your plants healthy and make sure you get enough water.
Infected trees can fall, so you need to remove them completely (roots and everything) before your property is damaged or someone is injured.
American persimmon rootstock is resistant and rarely infected.
The fungus Botrispiariadothidia causes canker and discoloration in the wood parts of trees. Some branches may become cotyledons and the leaves may turn brown, curl inwards and fall off.
Avoid damaging trees when cutting or pruning glass and make sure your tree is healthy by following the guidelines I set out at the beginning of this section.
There is no cure, so prevention is essential. In case of any pruning and severe infection, be prepared to remove the tree completely.
Plants planted in poor drainage soils are susceptible to rot.
Root rot due to phytophthora SPP. Water mold causes stunted growth of trees, causes leaves to turn yellow and the tips of branches to die. Meanwhile, underground, the roots rot.
If you notice these signs on the ground, dig some roots and test. If they are infected, they will look rotten and rotten.
The best treatment is a fungicide that can be applied by soaking and absorbing roots like Rootshield Plus.
This biological fungicide obtained from Arabico Organics can be applied as soon as the problem is detected or as a preventative if you have had this problem in the past. Follow the application instructions on the label.
HARVESTING OF PERSIMMON
After planting, the plants should grow for about three years for seedlings or seven years for plants from seed before they begin to bear fruit.
You do not need to freeze the fruit before collecting it, although this is a common misconception. A heavy snowfall can actually ruin a fruit that is not yet ripe.
Instead, harvest the fruit before it is fully ripe and they will continue to ripen from the tree. Wait until it reaches its mature color but it is still hard to find before birds and deer
If there is no snowfall in the near future, you can allow the tree to fully ripen. When you know it is ready it will soften and reach its mature color, which may vary depending on the cultivation.
Non-irritating fruits can be picked and eaten before they are ripe and they will still be delicious. More maturity will improve the taste, making it sweeter.
Astringent varieties can be harvested before they are ripe, but do not eat them until they are soft.
Use a pair of sharp clippers and cut the stalks just above the fruit glass. It is a green leaf-shaped piece on top of the fruit.
If you want to speed up the ripening process of the tree, put the fruits in a bowl with apples or bananas, which give ethylene. This hormone accelerates the ripening of the fruit.
When the fruit is soft, it is ready to eat. For the anxious kind, you want the fruit to be extremely soft with almost no difficulty. The harvest period is usually from September to December.
I know the fruit gets all the attention but don’t forget the leaves of the tree. These are also edible and you can harvest them until they are green and use them to make tea. It has a delicious, herbal scent with hints of car mail and nuts.
PRESERVING AND STORING OF PERSIMMONS
Astringent persimmons cannot be stored for very long because they must be so ripe once they are considered edible. Once they reach this stage of sweetness, they will eat them in a few days.
If they are not yet ripe, you can put them in a bowl with other fruits such as apples or bananas that disrupt ethylene.
Non-asymptomatic varieties can be stored at room temperature for up to a month, or both types can be stored in the refrigerator for up to six weeks after picking (unless they are stored with other types of products) Ethylene rejection., Accelerates the maturation process).
You can keep the fruit stable for up to eight months. Wash it, dry it and put it in a bag, then put it in the fridge. The fruits can be frozen whole or you can cut them into pieces and remove the seeds and calyx.
Waterless persimmon is heavenly and it is a great way to save a bumper crop. These are like candy in nature if you ask me.
If you would like to see this option, consult this guide on our partner site diet to dehydrate the fruits.
The dried persimmons of Japan are known as hoshigaki. The term simply means “dried persimmon”, but it does not fully reflect the art that is used to create this luxury.
Basically, you peel the fruit and hang it in the sun or in a hot oven to keep it dry. After every few days, you massage the fruit, continuing the process for a month or two until it turns brown and a sweet crust is formed.
Bonus: If for some reason you have to cut the persimmons too early and you can’t let them ripen completely under the tree – because the squirrels are bending them down, you won’t be indoors. When they are ripe, or any frost is in your future – dehydrating or drying them gives them a sweet taste.
To store the leaves, pull them out of the tree to dry and place on a baking sheet in a cool shelter with good air circulation until cool.
RECIPES AND COOKING IDEAS
The significant aspect of this fruit comes from the tannins they contain. Some people don’t like the stimulant and think it tastes bad, and some people need fruit because it’s perfectly ripe and almost gelatinous.
Tannins are a natural way to tell you not to work too hard. If you continue to eat despite the affectionate taste, you can cause your digestion to be hampered by a bezoar.
My preparation recommendations depend on how you plan to use your persimmons but it is always a good idea to wash and peel them before eating. Remove calyx and large seeds.
When it comes to using these, you haven’t survived unless you’ve eaten persimmon bread, cookies or pudding. Edible foods don’t end here.
Non-spicy varieties with slightly undripe can be used as apples or pears, chopped and eaten in a salad or sandwich. Try making a piece of bread with briti.
These are flavored cuts and roasts with dried meat such as pork, turkey or chicken. Toss fresh fruit on top of the meat or you can mix it with fried vegetables in the meat so that it is not overcooked at the end.
Or peel them, cut them into quarters and bake at 350 ° F for 15 minutes. Then serve them with chopped prosciutto, topped with a drop of olive oil. You can wrap the meat quarters and cook for 15 minutes.
Try persimmon salsa instead of making peach or mango salsa.
Try a ripe astringent type frozen and eat with a spoon, much like a sherbet et a ripe fruit crush or add ice cream or oatmeal to pieces.
My favorite treat in the world is a meringue bake and it’s topped with cream and highly seasoned persimmons. It’s fun in yogurt and delicious with a pinch of granola.
Is my stomach shaking? Or yours?
PERISMMON QUICK REFERENCE GROWING GUIDE
|Plant Type:||Perennial fruit tree||Maintenance:||Low|
|Hardiness (USDA Zone):||4-10||Soil Type:||Loose, rich|
|Exposure:||Full sun to part sun||Soil Drainage:||Well-draining|
|Time to Maturity:||Up to 10 years||Companion Planting:||Chives, borage, comfrey, marigolds, mint, strawberries|
|Spacing:||10-20 feet, depending on variety||Avoid Planting With:||Carrots, crucifers, cucurbits, mangoes, onions, peaches|
|Planting Depth:||Same as root ball (transplants), 3 inches (seeds)||Order:||Ericales|
|Height:||Up to 60 feet||Family:||Ebenaceae|
|Spread:||Up to 25 feet||Genus:||Diospyros|
|Pests & Diseases:||Borers, mealybugs, mites, persimmon psylla, scale, thrips; Anthracnose, armillaria root rot, cankers, crown gall, gray mold, root rot|
PERSIMMONS AREN’T PERSNICKETY PLANTS!
Fruit trees tend to get bad rap because they sometimes require a lot of maintenance and they are plagued by a ton of pests and diseases.
I will not argue about this, because I fought with multiple fruit trees that look like he will kill me. Persimmons, however, are the exception.
When I beg and beg to make my pears better (not the suggested technique), my persimmons are growing in the corner, just doing their job. Most of the time, at least.
And if there aren’t enough reasons to add a few to your garden, the fruit is exceptional. If you only have one persimmon from the grocery store, you will be surprised when you first receive the local product.
As soon as you do it, I can’t wait to hear what you think about it. Come back and share your experiences – and your recipes!
When are persimmons ripe?
Although most fruits need warm weather to ripen, the fruits are ready in autumn. Persimmons is a crop that basically ripens in September until the beginning of the following year. There are two types of persimmons. The wrinkled fruit is eaten when it becomes soft.
Non-astringent fruits, which are growing in popularity, are still firmly eaten. According to Live, the American palette prefers firm fruit, so Fuyu Persimmon is a very common choice. Persimmons are a source of vitamins A and C as well as potassium and fibre.
Tip: To cook American liquid in a jiffy, put it in the fridge overnight. Remove the fruit from the fridge and let the cold ripe fruit thaw.